The In operator specifies dimensions explicitly in a context.
The example in the figure, In Context Operator to Specify Dimensions, shows a report with Year and Sales revenue. Your data provider also contains the Quarter object, but you do not include this dimension in the block. Instead, you include an additional column to show the maximum revenue by quarter in each year.
The Where Operator
The Where operator restricts the data used to calculate a measure.
Other examples of using Where:
The variable High Revenue has the formula
=[Revenue] Where ([Revenue] > 5000000). When placed in a block, High Revenue displays either the revenue when its value is greater than 500000, or nothing. When placed in a footer at the bottom of the High Revenue column, the formula
=Average([High Revenue]) returns the average of all the revenues greater than 500000.
The Where operator is not in the list of context operators that define the dimensions related to a calculation. However, as you can combine the In and Where operators in a formula, the Where operator is documented in this lesson as well.
=Max([Sales revenue In ([Country] ; [Year]) Where ([Country] = "France"))
The In operator specifies the dimensions that feed into the calculation, and the Where operator restricts the data to calculate the measure.
=[Sales revenue] Where ([State] = "California" And [Year] = "2019")