Customers want to group their materials for several reasons to enable, as an example, a sufficient selection, reporting and maintenance.
The following options are available:
- Material Group Hierarchy
- Material groups represent a thematic goods-related structure, which is portrayed by the material group hierarchy. Materials can therefore be grouped, for example, from procurement points of view according to merchandise categories and displayed as a merchandise category hierarchy.
- Article Hierarchy
In the Article hierarchy, you group your materials in a consumer-oriented structure with as many hierarchies as you want. You can use this hierarchy to display very clearly how, and according to what requirements the consumer makes his purchasing decisions.
Material Group Hierarchy: Features
Material groups represent a thematic goods-related structure, which is portrayed in SAP Retail by the merchandise category hierarchy. Materials can therefore be grouped, for example, from procurement points of view according to merchandise categories and displayed as a merchandise category hierarchy.
Every material is assigned to only one material group (base material group). This assignment is valid throughout the company. Material groups can be assigned to material group hierarchy levels. Material group hierarchy levels can, in turn, be assigned to higher hierarchy levels.
The result is a material group hierarchy. This structure makes it easier to monitor and control the activities of the company and reduces the volume of data (for example, condition data) that has to be maintained. In addition, the material group hierarchy structure enables descriptive characteristics to be inherited by subordinate levels from superior levels. Within Fashion the variant building characteristics (like color and size) should be assigned via characteristic profile to the base material group.
Material group reference material can be assigned to every material group. It can then be used as a reference when creating materials. A reference material can be assigned to different material groups and is an existing material master record.
A specific material type (WERT) is provided for defining value-only materials. Material categories are also defined for the individual value-only material categories. Material group value-only material can be created and assigned for each material group. This enables to use inventory management on a value basis at material group level. The value-only material for the material group can be used at POS for transactions at the material group level. A material group value-only material can also be defined for each hierarchy level. This enables to use inventory management on a value basis at material group hierarchy level.
Characteristics can be assigned to hierarchy levels as well as material groups. The lower hierarchy levels inherit the characteristics that are assigned to the higher hierarchy levels.
Characteristic inheritance is when a characteristic and its values are passed on to all the lower classes in a class hierarchy, for example, to all the lower levels in the material group hierarchy or the material group itself.
A characteristic can be for information purposes only or be flagged as variant-creating. When creating a generic material, the variant-creating characteristic is used to create variants of the generic material.