Main Function of MRP
The main function of material requirements planning is to guarantee material availability, that is, it is used to procure or produce the requirement quantities on time both for internal purposes and for sales and distribution. This process involves the monitoring of stocks and, in particular, the automatic creation of procurement proposals for purchasing and production.
Procurement or production dates for the finished product, the assemblies, and components are determined based on the requirements dates for the finished product (a sales order, for example). If possible, backward scheduling is used to derive the requirements dates for the dependent requirements of lower level materials.
If MRP discovers shortage quantities, procurement proposals are generated in planning. For execution, they are converted. Planned orders can be converted into production orders or process orders. Only in Repetitive Manufacturing (REM), you produce based on the planned orders directly. Purchase requisitions, planned orders, and scheduling agreement scheduling lines are internal planning elements that can be changed, rescheduled, or deleted at any time. After conversion of planned orders or purchase requisitions, production orders, process orders, and purchase orders are fixed for planning.
Material requirements planning takes current and future sales as its reference point. The planned requirement quantities trigger the MRP calculation. In MRP, the requirements elements include sales orders, planned independent requirements, material reservations, the dependent requirements created by exploding the BOM, and so on.
If the MRP run determines shortage quantities, the system creates procurement proposals: Purchase requisitions and planned orders are internal planning elements that can be changed, rescheduled, or deleted at almost any time. With in-house production, the system creates planned orders for planning the production quantities.
When planning is complete, planned orders can be converted into production orders.
With external procurement, the system either uses a planned order or uses a purchase requisition directly to plan the external procurement quantity. When planning is complete, the planned order is converted into a purchase requisition, which is subsequently converted to a purchase order. Using the creation indicator for purchase requisitions on the initial screen of the planning run, you control whether the system immediately creates purchase requisitions directly, or first creates planned orders.
If a scheduling agreement exists for a material and is relevant for MRP in the source list, you can also create schedule lines directly using MRP. You control this using the creation indicator for scheduling agreement delivery schedule lines on the initial screen of the planning run.