End users can personalize their own variant of the SAP Fiori launchpad (FLP). The settings can be accessed via the User Actions Menu. You can get information about the user account, home page, language, and region.
Depending on the configuration of the FLP for the user, the following settings can be changed:
Selection of design theme
Home page and language settings
Activation of user profiling
Maintenance of default values
Appearance and behavior of notifications
In the home page concept, users can rearrange groups and tiles, create new groups, and add or delete tiles to or from an existing group. Tiles are organized in catalogs in the system. These catalogs hold all technical information to start an application. To show a tile in the FLP, it must be embedded in a group. Groups can be created centrally in the system and then added to the launchpad, or the user can create an own group and add tiles from catalogs.
Introduced in SAP S/4HANA 2020, the spaces concept can be used as alternative to groups in the home page. A space is visualized as a ribbon or tab at the top of the FLP and defines a frame for one or more pages. A page consists of sections showing tiles in the same way as groups have done before. Spaces and pages are defined centrally in the system, but only spaces are added to the launchpad including the pages assigned to the space. Sections are an integral part of pages and can also be created by the user in their launchpad.
To enter the action mode for personalization, a user must choose Edit Home Page in the User Actions Menu of the FLP. In this mode, tiles can be removed from existing groups or sections and new groups or sections can be created and rearranged. When adding a new tile to a group or section in the action mode or choosing App Finder in the User Actions Menu, the app finder is shown. Here, the user can choose tiles from all catalogs assigned to their user role.
An app descriptor connects the FLP with the app implementation in the system. This includes starting the correct app with the correct parameters and the information shown on the tile. App descriptors are created in catalogs that collect all apps of one solution area. App descriptors and catalogs are delivered by SAP. However, they can also be created by customers.
App descriptors can be referenced by groups and then visualized as tiles or links. Groups do not add any additional settings and have no direct connection to the apps. Both catalogs and groups can then be assigned to user roles. This works similar to adding transactions to user roles and grants the user role access to all apps of the catalog.
SAP also delivers template catalogs, groups, spaces, and roles. However, these should be adapted to the needs of the customer, or, to be more precise, the needs of the users of the customer.