Introducing Material Requirements Planning (J44)

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

  • Introduce material requirements planning (J44)

Introduction to Material Requirements Planning (J44)

How to Access SAP S/4HANA Cloud, public edition Scope Item Process Flows and Test Scripts

  1. Navigate to SAP Best Practices for SAP S/4HANA Cloud, public edition for Enterprise Management.
  2. Select a country localization from the Version dropdown list.
  3. If necessary, select the Login icon in the upper left corner to log in.
  4. Go to the Accelerators section and, under General Documents, choose the link SAP Best Practices content library.
  5. Select the relevant scope option checkboxes to filter information and locate scope item test scripts and process flows.
Ignore the BPMN2 version of process flows.


This process enables your material requirements planning (MRP) department to automate the procurement planning. The main function of material requirements planning is to guarantee material availability and to avoid delays in order fulfillment. The planning run checks availability of each material and, in case of shortages, creates purchase requisitions or delivery schedules if a scheduling agreement exists. Remaining shortages are displayed in the MRP app where the material planner can analyze the situation.

Procurement lead time can be longer than the time available to fulfill a demand. For this reason, you must procure the material in advance and cover your demand from stock. This process starts by creating forecast demands that are interpreted as expected customer demand. The MRP schedule runs. The system creates purchase requisitions or scheduling lines that trigger external procurement.

Optionally, purchase requisition handover and MRP material exceptions can be handled.

Key Process Steps

  • Manage demand forecast as Planned Independent Requirements (PIRs) manually

  • Calculate from consumption data to forecast and from forecast to PIRs automatically

  • Monitor and manage material coverage

  • Run material requirements planning (MRP) for materials with shortages

  • Evaluate the results of the MRP run

  • Hand over of purchase requisitions if needed (optional)

  • Display MRP run material issues and key figures

  • Detect and resolve MRP material exceptions


  • Detect shortages quickly

  • Create purchase requisitions or scheduling lines to cover demand automatically

  • Get higher accuracy of purchased quantities

  • Do a handover for the purchase requisition (optional)

  • Save costs through process automation

  • Detect and resolve MRP material exceptions

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