The different business processes that are available in the area of transportation management are characterized by their starting point (sales order for an outbound process, purchase order for an inbound process, stock transport order for an intra-company process) and how the planning tasks are going to be accomplished. Planning can be done within SAP S/4HANA Cloud, public edition or using a de-central transportation management planning system (either using third-party TMS or using an SAP S/4HANA TM system with scope item 4OZ).
Each transportation process starts with a transportation demand, which is called freight unit. The freight units originate from their predecessor documents, which can be sales orders, purchase orders or stock transport orders. The freight units are assigned to freight orders or freight bookings in the planning process. These are the transportation orders. The planning process can be performed with a third party transportation management system, with an external SAP S/4HANA TM system or within the cloud. The subsequent processes of transportation execution and settlement are based on the transportation orders.
The available scope items can be characterized by the way how planning is achieved (either external or internal), which transportation modes are used (road, rail, ocean, or air) and what type of process (outbound, inbound, stock transport) they support.
Available Scope Items
|Planning process||Outbound||Inbound||Stock transport|
|Order-based transportation consolidation (road, rail)||3EP||5VV||5XC|
|Manual transportation planning (road, rail)||4MO||5OS||5XD|
|Manual transportation planning (ocean)||64A||64B||64C|
|Manual transportation planning (air)||6B2||6B3||6B4|
See the following video to get an overview of the transportation process.
The only process that deviates from this baseline is the intercompany transportation process. This scenario supports the end-to-end transportation process in ocean freight in SAP S/4HANA Cloud, public edition for the advanced intercompany stock transfer between two affiliated companies. The transportation requirements (freight units) are derived from an intercompany stock transfer order (purchase order) created in a receiving company and its related intercompany sales order of the delivering company. The freight unit building is considering the incoterm agreed between the receiving and delivering company (e.g., Cost, Insurance, and Freight (CIF) to the port of discharge). Based on the incoterm mentioned above, the transportation department of the delivering company is responsible for planning the pre-carriage and the main carriage up to the port of discharge. The transportation department of the receiving company is responsible for planning the on-carriage from the port of discharge to its receiving plant. In the case of incoterm CIF, the transfer of the risk of loss or damage to the goods passes when the goods are shipped on board. At this time, the valuated stock in transit is posted from the delivering to the receiving company. The transportation requirements are first planned by a dispatcher of the delivering company in the transportation cockpit. The freight units are assigned to an ocean freight booking and planned door to port, which covers the voyage from the shipping point location to the port of discharge. Afterwards, it is subcontracted to the freight forwarder. The freight forwarder returns a booking confirmation that includes further details like vessel, voyage, container number and routing information (such as locations, mode of transport, executing carrier, dates and times, and so on). Based on communicated routing information, a freight order for pick-up is created. The dispatcher of the receiving company plans the freight order for the on-carriage from the port of discharge to the receiving plant (receiving point location). After additional information of the freight booking (such as container number, port pick-up date) is added in the freight order, it can be subcontracted to the road carrier. The execution and settling process for the involved freight order / bookings does not deviate from the other processes. The intercompany stock transfer process is delivered with scope item 1P9.