Explaining System Landscapes for the SAP S/4HANA Cloud Deployment Options

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

  • Explain system landscapes for the SAP S/4HANA Cloud deployment options

Public Cloud System Landscapes

SAP Cloud Identity Services

SAP Cloud Identity Services consists of two separate systems hosted in SAP Business Technology Platform: Identity Authentication Service (IAS) and Identity Provisioning Service (IPS). The identity tenants are the first to be provisioned for an SAP S/4HANA Cloud customer because the other systems are connected to them.

Identity Authentication is a cloud service for authentication, single sign-on, and user management in SAP cloud and on-premise applications. It can act as an identity provider itself or be used as a proxy to integrate with an existing single sign-on infrastructure. Identity Provisioning offers a comprehensive, low-cost approach to identity lifecycle management in the cloud. It helps you provision identities and their authorizations to various cloud and on-premise business applications. Collectively, IAS and IPS enable customers to manage access to applications across their landscape.

SAP Central Business Configuration

SAP Central Business Configuration is hosted on SAP Business Technology Platform and is used to provision, activate business content, and configure the SAP S/4HANA Cloud systems. First, SAP Central Business Configuration is used to activate the predefined content and configuration in the SAP S/4HANA Cloud starter system. The starter system is used to gather customer configuration requirements and finalize the scope during Fit-to-Standard Workshops. After all configuration values have been gathered, SAP Central Business Configuration is used to provision the customer's SAP S/4HANA Cloud systems, activate business scope, define the organizational structure and primary finance settings, configure business processes, and maintain transports between the systems. After go-live, customers continue to use SAP Central Business Configuration to maintain their SAP S/4HANA Cloud systems through future release upgrades and business changes. For example, new country or business scope activation, defining additional organizational entities, or making configuration changes.

SAP S/4HANA Cloud Systems

The SAP S/4HANA Cloud Experience Trial System is a free 14-day trial with guided tours in a shared landscape. The guided tours are based on predefined role-based scenarios to give you the experience of a "day in the life" of each business role. In the SAP Activate Implementation Methodology, this system is referenced in the Discover (sales) phase as a first-touch user experience for customers and prospects to understand the look and feel of SAP S/4HANA Cloud and support making a purchase decision.

Start your 14-day free trial here.

The SAP S/4HANA Cloud Starter System is a preconfigured system with the enterprise scope (all lines of business enabled) and business data that aligns with the SAP Best Practices test scripts. Consultants use the starter system to deliver Fit-to-Standard workshops to customer business experts in each LoB during the Explore phase. The purpose is to teach customers how to use the new system and business processes, and to gather configuration data and extension requirements that will be implemented in the customer's actual SAP S/4HANA Cloud system in the Realize phase. The starter system is eventually decommissioned after the customer's own SAP S/4HANA Cloud systems are configured, as it is no longer needed.

2-System Landscape

The 2-system landscape consists of a quality system and a production system. SAP is responsible for both the software and content updates and upgrades. In this setup, the quality system combines development, configuration, and testing activities. You can test you custom developments and configurations separately in the quality system before transporting them to the production system. The production system is the system in which you work productively with the content provided by SAP and your custom developments from the quality system.

3-System Landscape

In release 2208, the 3-system landscape became available. The 3-system landscape consists of a development system, test system, and production system. Development and testing activities are separated into two dedicated systems, which makes it possible for developers to build advanced extensions using ABAP code. This is called developer extensibility, and is only possible in the 3-system landscape. Configuration content in the 3-system landscape is provided via SAP Central Business Configuration, however only the development system is connected directly to SAP Central Business Configuration. While SAP handles the software updates and upgrades, you decide within a dedicated time frame when you want to apply the content updates and upgrades available in SAP Central Business Configuration.

The development system provides a safe environment for development projects that include advanced coding, such as ABAP. The development system is divided into two tenants with specific purposes: development tenant and customizing tenant. The development tenant provides access to the SAP S/4HANA Cloud ABAP Environment. In this environment, you can build your own custom developments based on lifecycle-stable SAP objects. In the customizing tenant, you activate business process content and configure it, then transport your configurations to the test (quality) and production systems. In the test system, you can test both your custom developments and configurations before forwarding them to the production system. The production system is the system in which you work productively with the developments you have created and the content you configured in the development system and tested in the test system.

Test Data Refresh Service

Ideally, the test/quality and production systems are mirror images of one another so business process testing or extension testing in the quality system accurately reflects what would occur in the production system (e.g. if a new extension is transported to production). However, the transport path only moves in a single direction from test/quality to production. The Test Data Refresh service was developed to solve this problem and provide an ideal testing environment by syncing data in the production system with the quality system. Test Data Refresh is a subscription service that refreshes master and transaction data in the quality system from the production system. A built-in depersonalization feature ensures data privacy compliance.

Learn more about Test Data Refresh in the SAP Community.

Private Cloud System Landscapes

Deploy a Fully-Activated Appliance via SAP Cloud Appliance Library

Customers can use the SAP Cloud Appliance Library (CAL) to deploy a trial system to explore SAP S/4HANA Cloud, private edition functionality. An appliance is a compressed system image that can be rapidly extracted into a regular system instance by preserving everything that has been configured in the appliance when it was developed.

The trial is a prepackaged software bundle that contains an SAP S/4HANA system with preconfigured SAP Best Practices and an extensive demo guide that walks you through sample scenarios with pre-defined users and data sets. Because the SAP S/4HANA Cloud, private edition deployment has the same functional scope as SAP S/4HANA On Premise, you can use the trial system titled SAP S/4HANA and choose the most recent release.

The trial can be set up quickly as your personal instance with administrative rights with two deployment options:

  • Hosted in the cloud by an Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) provider
    • Trial is free for 30 days, but there will be a hosting charge from the third party IaaS provider. Providers include: Microsoft Azure, Google Cloud Platform, and Amazon Web Services. Average cost is 3-4 USD per system uptime hour.
    • Time estimate to deploy: 1-2 hours
  • On your own on premise hardware
    • You will order a blue-ray disc from SAP and install on your own server.
    • Your on premise hardware must have a supported Linux release installed.
    • Time estimate: approximately 2-3 days
The installation of an appliance differs from a "regular" SAP installation, so we recommend having an experienced SAP partner or SAP consulting deploy the system. If customers choose to install the appliance on their own, you will receive support from SAP. Additional information can be found in SAP Note 2041140 - Order an SAP S/4HANA fully-activated appliance for on-premise deployment

Sandbox Systems for Fit-to-Standard Workshops

There are many fully-activated appliance systems available on the SAP Cloud Appliance Library. The SAP S/4HANA Fully Activated Appliance and the Enterprise Management Layer for SAP S/4HANA are particularly suitable for customers to get an experience of SAP S/4HANA Cloud, private edition. The concept behind these appliances is to provide a ready-to-run solution that helps customers experience the system for trial or scoping purposes, or enables implementation consultants to easily demonstrate business processes in SAP S/4HANA for sandbox purposes. 

Enterprise Management Layer for SAP S/4HANA

  • Based on the SAP Best Practices Enterprise Management Layer package
  • Specifically marketed for SAP S/4HANA Cloud, private edition
  • Configuration: Pre-configured, localized core template based on SAP Best Practices on premise country versions covering 43 countries.
  • Demo Guide: Standard SAP Best Practices documentation can be used with the EML (test scripts, process flows, accelerators)

SAP S/4HANA Fully Activated Appliance

  • Based on the SAP Best Practices for SAP S/4HANA On Premise package
  • Configuration: Pre-activated SAP Best Practices for SAP S/4HANA core functions, and additional scenarios for Service, Master Data Governance (MDG), Transportation Mgmt., Portfolio Mgmt., HCM, Analytics, and more.
  • Demo Guide: Extensive library of prebuilt demo scenarios with sample data sets (examples)

Implementation Landscapes for RISE with SAP S/4HANA Cloud, private edition

The implementation landscapes for SAP S/4HANA Cloud, private edition include: Sandbox, Development, Quality, and Production Systems.

Sandbox (SBX)

In new implementations, the SBX is used by implementation consultants to deliver Fit-to-Standard workshops to customer experts with the purpose of gathering configuration and customization requirement data. In a system conversion, the focus is on existing processes, SAP S/4HANA Simplification Items (captured in the SAP Readiness Assessment), reviewing new functionality and whether their current Workflow, Report, Interface, Conversion, Enhancement, and Forms (WRICEF) can be eliminated by adoption SAP Best Practices. A fully-activated appliance can easily be deployed via the SAP Cloud Appliance Library for the sandbox.

  • System Conversion
    • The customer's existing SBX is converted to SAP S/4HANA Cloud, private edition.
  • New Implementation
    • Option 1: Deploy the Enterprise Management Layer for SAP S/4HANA or selected SAP Best Practices content based on LoB or industry-specific scope. After activation of the SAP Best Practices solution, you can either extend or create your own configuration in the implementation guide (transaction SPRO).
      If you extend the SAP Best Practices with the implementation guide, the automatic content upgrade to the next release is not possible via solution builder.
    • Option 2: Deploy a system without SAP Best Practices and carry out customizing activities with transaction SPRO.
      If you do not start with any SAP Best Practices content, your solution will not be compatible with SAP Best Practices content delivered in future release upgrades.

Development (DEV)

The DEV system is used for development of customizations and extensions. Once a suitable extension is developed, it is transported to the quality system for thorough testing. After successful testing, the extension is transported to production.

  • System Conversion
    • The customer's existing DEV is converted SAP S/4HANA Cloud, private edition based on the migration approach validated with the SBX.
  • New Implementation
    • It may be possible to reuse the SBX as the DEV. Alternatively, a fresh DEV can be deployed with or without SAP Best Practices content. Further customizing can then take place.

Quality (QAS)

The QAS is used for thorough testing before anything is transported to production. This may include business process enhancements after an upgrade is implemented, or extensions created in DEV that have been transported to the QAS.

  • System Conversion
    • The customer's existing QAS is converted to SAP S/4HANA Cloud, private edition based on the migration approach validated in the SBX and DEV systems.
  • New Implementation
    • The configuration from the DEV system is transported to the QAS.

Production (PRD)

The PRD system is used day-to-day to run the customer's business activities.

  • System Conversion
    • The customer's existing PRD system is converted to SAP S/4HANA Cloud, private edition based on the migration approach validated in the SBX, DEV, and QAS systems.
  • New Implementation
    • The configuration from the QAS system is transported to PRD.
Depending on a customer's needs, additional systems may be deployed for specific activities (e.g. training, pre-production).

Additional System Landscapes

Additional Systems Relevant for the SAP S/4HANA Cloud Deployment Options

Partner Shared Demo Environment (PDE)

Get free access to an integrated, pre-scripted shared demo environment focused on intelligent enterprise solutions. This system is regularly updated and has a growing repository of demo store content largely focused on intelligent enterprise demo scenarios. The demo scripts help partners create a compelling SAP Intelligent Enterprise story relevant to your solution / industry / line of business to support you in demonstrating and selling the solution to customers. There is no cost to the partner for the system, but partners need to qualify to request access.

Learn more in the SAP Partner Portal (partners only)

Partner Test, Demo, and Development (TDD)

This is a new offering available to partners that includes SAP S/4HANA Cloud integrated with SAP Central Business Configuration and Developer Extensibility. This is a partner's own environment and has an associated cost.

Learn more in the SAP Partner Portal (partners only)

SAP Learning System Access

This tenant is specialized for use only when completing SAP S/4HANA Cloud training courses from SAP Learning Hub. Each course has a dedicated tenant (e.g. the SAP S/4HANA Cloud Finance course has a corresponding system) that is tested and validated to work with the respective training course exercises. Because the system is specific to training courses, an SAP Learning Hub subscription is required.

Learn more about SAP Learning System Access

Stay Current Enablement Sandbox

This system is a free playground landscape to explore SAP S/4HANA Cloud functionality and new scope items from the latest release. Basic company data and master data are preloaded, however the system is not specifically tested to work with the SAP S/4HANA Cloud training courses on SAP Learning Hub (use SAP Learning System Access for this). You can try testing course exercises here, but you may need to complete additional steps, such as creating your own master data, for the exercises to work. You request access for a one-week booking at a time through SAP Learning Hub, therefore a subscription to SAP Learning Hub is required. Detailed instructions to request access to the sandbox is available in the SAP S/4HANA Cloud Implementation Learning Room.

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