The Role of InfoObjects in SAP BW/4HANA
InfoObjects continue to be important objects in SAP BW/4HANA. InfoObjects play a key role in the support of master data. Using rich meta-data, InfoObjects offer key features to support their role as the building blocks of a sustainable Enterprise Data Warehouse.
Some examples of the features of InfoObjects include:
Support texts of different length, languages, and time dependency
Support master data attributes with time dependency
Support complex hierarchies
Support data security via Analysis Authorizations
Support planning scenarios
Support non-cumulative key figures
Support exception aggregation
However, when integrating data in SAP BW/4HANA from any data source, it is no longer a prerequisite to define InfoObjects. Introduced with SAP BW/4HANA is a new, simpler approach using field-based modeling. Field-based modeling means you can integrate data (persistent or virtually) into SAP BW/4HANA with considerably lower effort than with SAP BW. Whether data is loaded into SAP BW/4HANA or resides outside it, you can model field-level data without the need to first define InfoObjects, and then subsequently mapping the fields to the InfoObjects. This field-based approach makes the integration of any data much easier and quicker.
In a later lesson we introduce DataStore Objects (advanced), which can now be defined using fields or InfoObjects, or a combination of both. DataStore Objects (advanced) are used to persist data, but you will also later discover in this course that field-based modeling is also supported by the new Open ODS View to support the virtual integration of source data in SAP BW/4HANA.
So does this mean InfoObjects are no longer recommended?
Although field-based modeling offers simplicity and agility, InfoObjects promote a high re-use within SAP BW/4HANA. Once an InfoObject is defined, it becomes the enterprise-wide definition of a business entity, and this supports consistency which leads to high quality.
More details about modeling with fields instead of InfoObjects can be found in this documentation: https://help.sap.com/docs/SAP_BW4HANA/107a6e8a38b74ede94c833ca3b7b6f51/66a0e6908ddf406783807af1cb3e02f8.html?version=2021.04&q=modeling%20with%20fields
InfoObject Modeling in SAP BW Modeling Tools
For SAP BW/4HANA, you now model InfoObjects in the SAP BW Modeling Tools (BWMT) in Eclipse. SAP BW Modeling Tools (BWMT) provide you with all the familiar functions that were available in the SAP BW Data Warehousing Workbench (for example, transaction
RSD1), but also offers new features such as data preview. Master data maintenance is now supported by the SAP BW/4HANA Cockpit.
In this lesson we take a look at modeling InfoObjects with BW Modeling Tools and master data maintenance using SAP BW/4HANA Cockpit, with a dedicated focus on the new features.
Launch the next demo to explore the settings of an InfoObject in BW Modeling Tools: