# The Compensate and Pay Sequence

Objective

After completing this lesson, you will be able to Name and describe the stages of the compensate and pay sequence of the pipeline.

## The Compensate And Pay Sequence

The first four stages of the Calculation are generally run together as a sequence called Compensate and Pay. Working together, these four stages begin with transactions and process the plan rules to produce trial payments and balances. The four stages of Compensate and Pay are:

Classify: During the Classify stage, transactions are matched with classifiers using the classification rules. When a match is found between a transaction field and a classifier, the transaction is classified. Transactions can be classified multiple times.

Allocate: In the Allocate stage, classified transactions are processed by Credit rules using direct transaction assignments, territory requirements, conditions, and roll relationships to allocate credits to position assignments. Credits are then aggregated by Primary Measurements.

Reward: In the Reward stage, Secondary Measurements are calculated from primary measurements or other data, incentives are calculated, and deposit amounts are created and marked with deposit release information.

Pay: In the Pay stage, outstanding balances are applied to current deposits. Also, deposits are combined with other deposits using the same Earning Group to generate payments that are the sum of Deposits and Balances.

Let’s look at an example of how the stages of Compensate and Pay work together.

Terry Callahan is a Sales Representative for the East region. His territory has been defined as all sales that fall under the EAST category in the Postal Code hierarchy. As you can see from the diagram below, this includes the US states of New York (NY) and Pennsylvania (PA).

### Classify Stage

In the Classify stage, the Classifer ID is used to match each transaction with a region. Using the classification rule below the diagram, if the State field on the transaction matches NY or PA, the transaction will be classified, or associated with the East category.

Classification Rule: Postal Code.Classifer ID = Transaction.Billing.State

### Allocate Stage

The Allocate stage has two jobs: allocate credits to payees, and aggregate those credits. The credit rule allocates credits, and the primary measurement rule aggregates them.

In January 2022, the following transactions in Terry’s region took place:

 Order ID State Value 665 NY \$1750 710 PA \$1200 790 PA \$2300 TOTAL \$5250

In the credit rule, we specified that any transaction classified as East would be allocated to Terry Callahan. Three credit records are created.

The primary measurement rule would simply aggregate these credits, creating a measurement with a value of \$5250. Again, this measurement would be allocated to Terry.

### Reward Stage

The Reward stage processes the rest of the rules: Secondary Measurement, Incentive, and Deposit. Each of these rules creates output records with the results of their calculations, again, each allocated to Terry.

Let’s take a simple example in which Terry is paid a flat commission of 10% on all sales. This means he has earned a commission of \$525 for the month.

At this point, you may be wondering what else has to happen. After all, we've completed all our calculations! This brings us to the last stage, which does not correspond to any plan rules.

### Pay Stage

The Pay stage is processed using internal calculations. Using the results of the deposit rules, it aggregates deposits for each payee and converts them into payments, and applies any outstanding balances from prior periods. Think of this as the stage that packages up each payee’s deposits and gets them ready for payroll.

Let’s say that the deposit rule we created to manage Terry’s payments has an Earning Group of Commission. If this is the only commission that he earned this month, then that’s the payment amount he will receive. However, let’s say it turns out he has a \$200 balance from a prior period that has been on hold. In that case, the Pay stage applies that balance and generates a payment of \$725.

At this point, this is only a Trial payment. This is because when Compensate and Pay is usually run multiple times in the period, so we are not ready to mark the amount as permanent. We will see how to post payments later in this topic.

### Processing Modes

Depending on the objective of the Pipeline run, some transactions may not require processing every time a Pipeline is run. Different processing modes may be selected, according to your needs.

Processing Mode Types:

• Process all transactions for all Positions (Full Mode)
• Process new and modified transactions & credits for all Positions (Incremental)
• Specific Position or Specific Position groups
• Running the Pipeline to Calculate Results

To start the calculation select Compensation and Pay.

• When running a calculation, you will be prompted to select the calendar and period.

If processing units are enabled you will also select the processing unit.

If you choose to run calculations for multiple periods, you will be prompted to enter a start and end period. The calculations will be run in sequence.

The Pipeline can only run on the leaf-level, or most granular, period in the calendar. For example, if the calendar has months, quarters, and years, the Pipeline can only be run for the month.

### Select the Stage to Run

The next step is to select which stages of the Pipeline to run. In the Pipeline Wizard, the Compensate and Pay sequence includes the stages Classify, Allocate, Reward, and Pay. While all of these stages are selected by default, you can also run them one at a time.

During a normal Compensate and Pay sequence, any results data that was generated from prior calculations for the current period are removed so the updated results can be generated. This is called a reset.

In some cases, you may need to reset data manually. If this is the case, here are few items to keep in mind.

• The reset process deletes, sets to zero, or nullifies results data.
• Resets clean the database so that the specified Pipeline stages can populate the database with new data.
• The reset processes are organized sequentially: earlier resets call later resets, but not the other way around.
• When a reset is run, it resets data related to the specified period only.
• Data entered manually, such as credits and deposits, aren't reset.

The order of stages is: Classify, Allocate, Reward, and Pay. Each stage can be reset.

Deferred Reset allows the system to retain data from the last Pipeline run. Instead of resetting the data, it instead marks it as invalid and flags it for deletion. To clean up data that is flagged for deletion, run the Reset process.

Remove Stale Results allows you to remove old results or results without associated data from the pipeline report.

Data Extract allows you to export file types when running a pipeline. The feature is available on environments that use Express Data Loader and are configured on HANA Database. You can extract custom files that you have previously configured in Express Data Loader. The files are then stored in your previously configured outbound folder.

### Selecting Which Transactions and Positions to Process

You will next be prompted to select for whom you want to run the calculation and for which transactions. The options are:

• All Transactions: Calculates compensation for all transactions for all positions for the specified period. The calculation runs in this mode by default.
• New and Modified Transactions Only: Processes transactions and credits that are new or modified since the last calculation run, for all positions.
• Transactions for Position(s) or Position Group(s): Calculates compensation for only the positions that you select.

### Running a Calculation by Position Group

If you're using Position Groups, you can run any Calculation for only members of a single Position Group. This is convenient if different payees should be compensated on different schedules.

For example, let’s say your organization needs to pay its Sales Reps in the USA and Canada on the first day of the month, but in Europe on the tenth of the month. One option is to use Position Groups to organize your payees by country, run Post for Americas on the first, and run Post for Europe/EMEA on the tenth.

### Log Files

Log files are generated every time a Pipeline is run. In the Pipeline Wizard, you have several options to specify your logging preferences.

By default, Advanced Logging is disabled. This causes all log files to generate summary results.

Enable Advanced Logging creates more detailed log files, and allows you to select from several options.

• Performance Profiling enables you to receive advanced performance statistics and logging results.
• SQL Logging details the calculation breakdown and data and time details for rule evaluation.
• Verbose Logging creates detailed calculation logs. This is a good option if you see errors after running the calculation. To reduce the size of verbose logs, you can filter the logs by position, participant, credit rule, or transaction.

Note

Running Advanced Logging will increase the pipeline time. In general, this option should be used only for development, testing and troubleshooting.

### Scheduling the Calculation

The Scheduling page allows three options: Run Immediately, Schedule Once, and Schedule Recurring.

### Pipeline Templates

You can save a pipeline configuration as a template. This saves effort if you frequently run manual pipelines with the same settings.

To save a configuration as a template:

• Select Save as Template on the Calculation Run Details screen.
• Enter a template name and optional description.
• Select Save.

To use a saved template to run a new pipeline:

• From the Calculation Run page, select Templates.
• Select the template you wish to use.
• Select Run.

## Exercise: Run Compensate and Pay in the User Interface

In this exercise, you will run Compensate and Pay to calculate results for our payees based on transactions in January 2023.

### Steps

1. From the Run menu, select Calculation Run.

2. Select the Compensate & Pay.

3. Set the Periods to Run to Period Range. Set both the Start Period and End Period to January 2023. Select Next.

4. Leave the stage types and options at the default. Select Next..

5. Select All Transactions. Select Next.

6. Select Standard Logging. Select Next.

7. On the scheduling page, select Run Immediately. Select Review.

8. On the Summary page, verify your settings are correct and select Confirm & Submit