Executing Period-End Closing Procedures for Logistics Projects

Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

  • List typcial period-end closing activities for logistics projects

Period-End Closing Activities

Discussion Between James and Linda About Period-End Closing Activities

At the beginning of the next month, Linda and James discuss the project activities required for period-end closing of the previous month.

Note
See the following video to follow their conversation:

Executing Period-End Closing Activities

You perform period-based business transactions as a part of the period-end closing procedure. This enables you to ensure that all the data belonging to a period is determined and made available to enterprise controlling.

The various period-end closing activities are presented: overhead costing, template allocation, project calculation, cost forecasting, progress analysis, results analysis, incoming orders and settlement.

The various period-end closing activities are as follows:

  • Overhead costing:

    Overhead costing is used to allocate the overhead costs (in terms of percentage or quantity-based overheads) for supplied materials, machines, and labor.

  • Template allocation:

    Template allocation is another method for allocating overheads. This method does not allocate costs, but determines the quantities used by the receiver object. The costs are then calculated by valuating the quantities with a price that enables costs to be determined according to cause.

  • Project calculation:

    Interest calculation plays an important role in long-running and cost-intensive projects. In the SAP Project System (SAP PS), planned and actual interest calculation can be used to calculate and update interest.

  • Cost forecast:

    With cost forecasts, you can adjust cost planning to changing circumstances during the execution phase of a project. In a cost forecast, the system determines and valuates the remaining activities on the basis of the planned, forecast, and actual values in the network.

  • Progress analysis:

    You use progress analysis to compare the planned and actual progress of a project based on actual results.

  • Results analysis:

    Results analysis carries out a periodic valuation of projects. Data such as stock values, cost of sales, and reserves are calculated.

  • Incoming orders:

    Using the project-related incoming orders function, the system determines key figures for incoming orders and open orders from sales orders assigned to projects. This enables you to draw conclusions at an early stage regarding the anticipated result of a customer project.

  • Settlement:

    You use project settlement to allocate the costs and revenues in projects or allocate the results analysis data to one or more receivers.

Settlement Rules for Logistics Projects

Usage of Settlement Rules for Projects

Settlement rules are required to settle the project. These rules determine which portions of sender’s costs are transferred to which cost receivers. Settlement rules are stored in the sender objects and contain distribution rules and settlement parameters. They are required to settle the project. The figure, Settlement Scenarios, shows the typical scenarios for settling the projects.

In a Sales project, settlement of billing element is done to profitability segments:

An example is shown where, for a Sales project, billing elements are settled to a profitability segment.

You can create settlement rules manually in the Project Builder. For WBS elements, you can also use an app to determine the settlement rules automatically. Depending on predefined strategies, these transactions create settlement rules for cost centers or profitability segments, or they inherit predefined settlement rules.

When you settle your project, costs and revenues are transferred to financial accounting (G/L account), asset accounting (fixed asset), management accounting, or profitability analysis (order, cost center, and profitability segment), or the SAP PS (WBS elements, networks, and activities).

For sales projects, only the billing element is normally settled, because results analysis is carried out at the billing element level. The results analysis data contains costs and revenue not only for the billing elements, but also for all the WBS elements and activities that are subordinate to the billing elements. However, only the billing element has a settlement rule. A settlement profile called Do not settle is assigned to all other objects.

How to Execute Period-End Closing Activities for a Logistics Project

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