Posting Goods Issues for Production Orders


After completing this lesson, you will be able to Post Goods Issues for Production Orders.

Posting Goods Issues

When an order is created, the system automatically creates a reservation for the required material components. Each material component of the order receives a separate item number within the reservation. You can only withdraw the reserved materials from the warehouse if the operation to which the materials are assigned in the order has already been released. For each reservation item, the following information is available:

  • Material number
  • Quantity
  • Storage location

The system automatically tries to determine the storage location. Also, it might be necessary to organize material staging from a central storage location to your production storage location before you can post the goods issue in the system, for example, if purchased components are delivered to a central warehouse, but your shop floor is assigned to a different storage location. We will discuss both at a later point in this chapter.

The image shows a production storage location on the left and a production order with component quantity and issuing storage location on the right. From the storage location, you post a goods issue to the order. You can manually post a goods issue using the app picking list or post goods movement. You can automatically post a goods issue using order or operation confirmation.

In the figure, the goods issue process to a production order is displayed. Assuming that the materials are already available at the production storage location, 101B in our example, you can post a goods issue to a production order using one of the following options:

In case of manual goods issue posting, the system proposes the component quantity and the issue storage location as both are maintained in the reservation. You can either accept the proposed values or change the quantities and/or storage locations as required. You can withdraw a lower quantity if, for example, you only manufacture a fraction of the ordered quantity, or a higher quantity if, for example, some components were destroyed during the assembly process.

In case of automatic goods issue posting (→ materials with a 'backflush' indicator) together with a confirmation posting, the system automatically posts a goods issue at the storage location maintained in the reservation. The withdrawn quantity scales linearly with the confirmation quantity. For our bike example, confirming five bikes would result in a goods issue posting of five frames and ten wheels, respectively.


You should always use backflushing when you do not want to stage materials for a specific order. It is assumed that the material is staged and available at storage location. Typical application areas are flow and assembly lines and the staging of less valuable materials.

In SAP standard, the goods issue is posted using the movement type 261 (goods issue to a production order).

Log in to track your progress & complete quizzes