Development Basics


After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

  • Explain SAPUI5 development.
  • Operate an OData Service for handling data.
  • Explain ABAP programming models.


SAPUI5 is the SAP user interface development toolkit for HTML5. Let's try to better understand SAPUI5.

Besides SAPUI5, SAP also provides OpenUI5 as a delivery of the UI development toolkit. The core containing all central functionality and the most commonly used control libraries are identical in both deliveries. Although very closely related, they have their differences:


OpenUI5 is open source, free to use, released under the Apache 2.0 license. OpenUI5 provides all the important features needed to build feature-rich Web applications. The source is available on

If you find a bug or have an idea for a new feature, you can propose a GitHub issue or a change. Please read the guidelines first:

For more information, please visit


SAPUI5 is not a separate SAP product with a separate license. It is integrated in many SAP products. The first one was the AS ABAP 7.4, which included SAPUI5 in the UI technologies component SAP_UI.

The additional libraries in SAPUI5 include more controls on top of OpenUI5, like charts and smart controls. The exact feature range of SAPUI5 also depends on the platform.

For more information, please visit .

Technically, you can switch between OpenUI5 and SAPUI5 (provided you have a product where SAPUI5 is included). Please check first, which SAPUI5 version is needed. The version numbers of OpenUI5 and SAPUI5 might differ on patch level (last number).

A library bundles a set of controls and related types to make them consumable by Web applications. There are predefined and standard libraries with many commonly used controls:

  • Responsive controls (sap.m)
  • Smart controls (sap.ui.comp)
  • Core controls (sap.ui.core)
  • Layout controls (sap.ui.layout)
  • Table-like controls (sap.ui.table)

The core library (technically, this is the sap.ui.core library) defines a core set of types that can be used in other libraries. Developers can create their own custom UI libraries, making it easy to use their own controls alongside predefined controls.

Model View Controller (MVC)

The Model View Controller (MVC) concept separates the tasks in an application into three programmatic elements:


In SAP Fiori, views are defined using XML. The only SAP Fiori app that uses HTML is the SAP Fiori launchpad, which provides a frame for the XML-based views. Controllers are developed using JavaScript and are either bound to a view or standalone to be used by multiple views. Data binding can be used on the views to connect to data in the models.

SAPUI5 Versions

SAPUI5 provides updates on a regular basis through maintenance and innovation versions.

Watch the video to get an overview of SAPUI5 versions.

A full list of all SAPUI5 versions including their end of maintenance can be found under

Which SAPUI5 versions are available on an Application Server ABAP is provided via https://<host>:<port>/sap/public/bc/ui5_ui5/index.html.

The version a running app is using is visible in the technical information dialog opened via CTRL+ALT+SHIFT+P on Microsoft Windows or via CTRL+ALT+OPTION+P on Apple Mac.


For more information about this topic, see UX400 (Developing UIs with SAPUI5):

OData Query Language

OData specifies a simple, yet powerful query language that allows a client to request arbitrary filtering, sorting, paging and so on. A client is able to express, via query string parameters, the amount and order of the data that an OData service returns for the resource identified by the URI. The names of all query string parameters defined by OData are prefixed with a "$" character.

Query Options

An OData request consists of a server address, service URI, entity set, and additional query options. There are many combinations of query options possible. A full documentation is available at

ABAP Programming Models

The three phases of the development of an SAP Fiori application are data modeling, service building, and UI development.

Watch the video explaining the key steps of SAP Fiori development. 

ABAP Programming Models

Let's look at how ABAP programming model evolved.

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