You trigger shipping activities by creating deliveries. The responsible organizational unit for creating deliveries is the shipping point.
The shipping point is the highest-level organizational unit of shipping that controls your shipping activities. Each outbound delivery is processed by one shipping point.
The shipping point can be a loading ramp, a mail depot, or a rail depot. It can also be, for example, a group of employees responsible (only) for organizing urgent deliveries.
You assign a shipping point at plant level. A shipping point is a physical place and should be near the delivering plant. More than one shipping point can be assigned to a plant. You can also assign several shipping points to a plant. This can also be appropriate for plants in physical proximity.
The responsible shipping point is determined for each order item. The system automatically proposes a shipping point that you can change within given limits. The shipping point cannot be changed in the outbound delivery. When an order is processed for delivery by the shipping point, the system only copies into the outbound delivery those order items that are defined for this shipping point. Order items with different shipping points are therefore not copied into the same outbound delivery.
Outbound deliveries are the basic documents for the different activities during the shipping process (picking, packing, and posting the goods issue). In most cases, they are created with reference to one or more sales orders that are ready to be shipped. Due to the reference, the system can copy all the relevant data from the order(s) to the outbound delivery.