Subcontracting Freight Orders and Freight Bookings

Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

  • Perform carrier selection

Carrier Selection

After you have created the freight order or freight booking by assigning freight units and / or truck types, you need to perform the carrier subcontracting. For this purpose, you can open the Manage Freight Orders app or Manage Air / Ocean Freight Bookings app from the launchpad, or you can navigate to the detailed view of the freight order / freight booking from the Transportation Cockpit app.

To perform carrier subcontracting, you need to enter additional information, such as the carrier and the purchase organization to the freight order. The system automatically determines the procuring company code, which is assigned to the purchasing organization. Moreover, it determines the shipper according to the procuring company code. The procuring company code is the company code that is responsible for the procurement of a transportation service from the carrier of a freight order. If you want to perform a settlement process, you must also enter the purchasing group.

You can also change information, such as the vehicle type by selecting the appropriate entry from the input help.

When you save your freight order / freight booking, the system calculates the charges automatically. However, you can also trigger charge calculation manually from the list view or detailed view of the Manage Freight Orders or Manage Air / Ocean Freight Bookings apps. This might be required, for example, when the freight agreement data has changed.

Watch the simulation Perform Carrier Selection to learn more about the system-related activities.

You can set the statuses according to the communication you have with your carrier, and you can view the status values that have been set on the Statuses tab. When you trigger the action Send to Carrier an EDI message will be triggered and send to the carrier. Once the EDI message has been sent to the carrier, you cannot change the carrier anymore.

Communication with Carriers

Communicate Freight Orders with Carriers

Freight orders need to be communicated to carriers as well as communication about freight orders needs to be received into SAP S/4HANA Cloud Public Edition. While this can be done via phone and mail and entered manually into the system, a communication scenario (SAP_COM_0534 - LSP Freight Order Integration) using web services is available to automate this process. The table Web Services for Communication of Freight Orders lists the process steps for which web services are offered along with its technical names.

In the image below, slide the document to the right for more details:

The corresponding web services for freight bookings are listed in the following table. They are defined in communication scenario SAP_COM_0813 (LSP Freight Booking Integration). These are used in a similar way to the ones for freight orders.

Web Services for Communication of Freight Bookings

Process StepWeb Service
Subcontract freight bookingTransportationOrderBookingRequest_Out
Cancel freight bookingTransportationOrderCancellationRequest_Out
Confirm freight bookingTransportationOrderBookingConfirmation_In
Send waybill for freight bookingTransportationOrderBookingWayBillNotification_Out
Report events for freight bookingTransportationEventBulkNotification_In
Update freight chargesTransportationOrderChargeNotification_In
Create supplier invoiceInvoiceRequest_In

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