For feeder system integration in the import process, you can choose between two integration scenarios.
Integration Scenarios in the Goods Receipt Process
Customs declaration before goods receipt based on purchasing documents
Customs declaration after goods receipt based on material documents
The integration scenario "customs declaration before goods receipt" is primarily suitable for SAP GTS customers in countries whose customs law does not provide for a transit procedure. The import procedure will therefore be started immediately after the transfer to the customs territory of the destination country. A prerequisite for the "customs declaration after goods receipt" scenario is the completion of a transit procedure before the goods imported are released for free circulation or placed under another customs procedure.
In the "customs declaration after goods receipt" scenario, the inbound delivery plays a central role. It is replicated as a customs shipment in SAP GTS. This document is the basis for communication with the customs authorities in the EU, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom when completing a transit procedure. The customs shipment is the document basis for the arrival notification and the unloading comment that you submit as part of the communication in the New Computerized Transit System (NCTS).
Based on the previous document type entered in the inbound delivery header, SAP GTS recognizes the customs status of the goods transported in the transit procedure:
T1: Non-Union goods (duty unpaid)
T2: Union goods (duty paid)
T-: Mixed shipment (both Union and non-Union goods)
SAP GTS copies the Master Reference Number (MRN) of the transit procedure entered in the document header of the inbound delivery to the customs shipment (Transportation tab, MRN field).
Subsequent goods receipt posting for the inbound delivery generates a material document that documents the stock change in the feeder system. The feeder system transfers the customs-relevant data from the material document to SAP GTS. There, the material document data fill a work-list for customs declarations after goods receipt. From this work-list, users can create customs declarations for release for free circulation or for placing the goods under another customs procedure. However, automatic replication of the material document data in the form of a customs declaration is also possible.
The customs declaration created from the data of the material document is the document basis for communication with the customs authorities in all customs procedures that can follow the completion of the transit procedure.
It is mandatory for the replication of the material document that the goods receipt posting refers to an inbound delivery. A goods receipt posting for a purchase order does not cause any data transfer.
Depending on the integration scenario you opt for, you have to make the following settings in the Customizing for document transfer from the feeder system to SAP GTS:
|Indicators on document type or movement type level
|MM0A (Receipt/Import: Purchasing Document)
|Transfer Documents for Customs Management (Scenario "customs declaration before goods receipt")
|MM0B (Receipt/Import: Inbound Delivery Document)
|Transfer Documents for Customs Management
|Placement into Customs Status Before GR (Scenario "customs declaration before goods receipt")
|Optional: Hold Goods Receipt if Unloading Permission Is Missing (Scenario "customs declaration after goods receipt")
|MM0C (Receipt/Import: Material Document)
|Transfer Documents for Customs Management (Scenario "customs declaration after goods receipt")
|Category of Goods Movement: Standard Goods Movement
You can find the view for maintaining these settings in the Customizing of an SAP ECC feeder system choosing Sales and Distribution → Foreign Trade/Customs → SAP Global Trade Services - Plug-In → Control Data for Transfer to SAP Global Trade Services → Configure Control Settings for Document Transfer. In an SAP S/4HANA feeder system choose Integration with Other SAP Components → Integration with Governance, Risk and Compliance → SAP Global Trade Services → Control Data for Transfer to SAP Global Trade Services → Configure Control Settings for Document Transfer.
No mapping of document types and/or movement types is required in the SAP GTS system.