Using Legal Regulations in Processes

Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

  • Activate legal regulations for the application areas of Compliance Management
  • Explain the determination of legal regulations in the export process

Activation of Legal Regulations

Note

This section describes the activation of legal regulations for the application areas in Compliance Management. The training contains separate units on legal regulations in Customs Management and Preference Management respectively.

A two-step activation always follows the definition of a new legal regulation and the decision to use one of the legal regulations delivered:

  1. General activation of the legal regulation

    (Where do the legal provisions mapped with the legal regulation apply?)

  2. Specific activation of the legal regulation for an application area

    (Which application area uses the legal regulation and to what extent?)

You can activate a legal regulation for validity in a specific country. As a rule, this type of activation is appropriate to map national legislation. EU regulations, however, directly apply in all Member States. You can therefore activate the legal regulation that summarizes the country-specific embargo regulations of the EU for a country group representing the EU.

In Customizing for the SAP GTS system, you can freely define country groups and assign countries to them in any combination (menu path: SAP Global Trade Services, edition for SAP HANAGeneral SettingsLegal RegulationsDefine Country Group and Assign Countries to Country Group respectively).

You can also activate legal regulations for combinations of countries or country groups.

You activate a legal regulation in general in the cross-application-area settings of SAP GTS Customizing (menu path: SAP Global Trade Services, edition for SAP HANAGeneral SettingsLegal RegulationsActivate Legal Regulations at Country/Country Group Level). The views for the specific activation of legal regulations for specific application areas of Compliance Management are located in the relevant Customizing sections for Compliance Management.

Menu paths:

  • SAP Global Trade Services, edition for SAP HANACompliance ManagementEmbargo ChecksActivate Legal Regulations
  • SAP Global Trade Services, edition for SAP HANACompliance ManagementSanctioned Party List ScreeningsActivate Legal Regulations
  • SAP Global Trade Services, edition for SAP HANACompliance ManagementLegal ControlsActivate Legal Regulations

From the general activation, SAP GTS adopts the country or country group, or the combinations of both. Compliance Management and Preference Management differentiate between goods movements within the EU (receipts and dispatches) and third-country transactions (imports and exports). The option of having domestic transactions checked in addition to cross-border goods movements is primarily intended for sanctioned party list screening.

Determination of Legal Regulations

After replicating the feeder system document data, SAP GTS attempts to determine at least one legal regulation for each application area. In Compliance Management and Preference Management, the plant of the feeder system document item is decisive for the determination of legal regulations. In Customs Management, company code and foreign trade organization respectively assume this role.

In Compliance Management and Preference Management, SAP GTS takes the destination country of the import or the departure country of the export from the address of the business partner in the "Legal Unit" role that is assigned to the plant in the mapping of the organizational structures. Depending on the determination procedure for determining legal regulations, the system then determines the legal regulation for the trade compliance checks in the relevant application area.

Delivery Customizing contains a determination procedure for each of the nine application areas being part of SAP GTS (menu path: SAP Global Trade Services, edition for SAP HANAGeneral SettingsLegal RegulationsDefine Determination Procedure for Active Legal Regulations).

Each determination procedure contains at least one determination strategy.

The six determination strategies available for selection are rooted in the program code:

  • ALRG01 (Det. Legal Regulation at Country Level)

  • ALRG02 (Det. Legal Regulation at Country/Country Level)

  • ALRG03 (Det. Legal Regulation at Country/Country Group Level)

  • ALRG11 (Det. Legal Regulation at Country Group Level)

  • ALRG12 (Det. Legal Regulation at Country Group/Country Level)

  • ALRG13 (Det. Legal Regulation at Country Group/Country Group Level)

If a determination procedure contains several determination strategies, sequence numbers define the access sequence. In the details of the determination procedure, you choose between exclusive access (Determination Using First Successful Strategy) and determination of multiple legal regulations (Determination Across All Strategies).

The determination strategies ALRG02, ALRG03, ALRG12, and ALRG13 are suitable for mapping prohibitions and restrictions that individual countries or country groups have defined exclusively in relation to certain other countries or country groups. However, if legal norms apply regardless of the destination country of the export, it is usually sufficient to determine the corresponding legal regulations using the determination strategies ALRG01 or ALRG11.

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